A new study from Duke University researchers suggest treating teens for major depression could reduce their chances for developing drug or alcohol abuse problems later on.
The same gene variations that make it difficult to stop smoking also increase the likelihood that heavy smokers will respond to nicotine-replacement therapy and drugs that thwart cravings, a new study shows.
New research released in April’s American Journal of Public Health discovered anti-tobacco advertising does help reduce the need to spark up in adults, however only when the ads are from sponsors not associated with the tobacco industry. In states where anti-tobacco ads were sponsored by private initiatives, pharmaceutical and the state itself, the anti smoking message had greater impact. Ads created or sponsored directly by the tobacco industry prompted more smoking in states which ran these campaigns. However, although the anti-smoking ads delivered by pharmaceutical companies were more effective in getting people to smoke less, running ads for cessation products appear to have turned people off potentially quitting their addiction.
New research published in the Journal of Addiction suggests smokers with a history of anxiety disorders find it more difficult to quit smoking. The research conducted by UW-CTRI discovered smokers who had previously suffered from anxiety disorders such as panic attacks, social anxiety and generalize anxiety disorders were less likely to be able to quit smoking that smokers who had no history of anxiety disorders.
Researchers have discovered a gene variant which is believed to possibly prevent against alcoholism. The gene variant, CYP2E1 appears to make people more sensitive to alcohol and can generate free radicals. Researchers consider a future application for drugs containing CYP2E1 for both making people more sensitive to alcohol prior to drinking, and to assist in the process of sobering up.
Neuroscientists at the University of Copenhagen have developed a model which demonstrates how the brain releases dopamine. The model could provide a key insight into how the brain perceives punishment and reward. The researchers hope that their newly developed model could assist other scientists to better understand drug addiction and provide new treatments for schizophrenia.
New research suggests heavy alcohol use in teens can detrimentally affect neural development. Researchers have concluded that binge drinking can negatively disrupt normal developmental processes, leading to problems with learning and social adjustment in the long term. The study also discovered that increased use of alcohol can result in a decrease in attention and executive function. Additionally, increased marijuana use was discovered to decrease memory performance.
Researchers at the University of Liverpool have discovered that high levels of cortisol could increase the risk of relapse for recovering alcoholics. Cortisol, a hormone produced in the adrenal gland as a result of stress, is found in elevated levels both in alcoholics and those in recovery.
Researchers at the University of Buffalo have discovered that 31 out of 75 patients hospitalized for opioid detoxification first became hooked on drugs after being prescribed medication for pain.
A new study shows that extinction therapy couple with D-cycloserine could help cocaine addicts to avoid relapse.