Difference In Brain Responses To Risky Decision Making For Teens With A Family History Of Alcoholism
A new study by researchers at Oregon Health & Science University, which is to be published in April’s issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research, suggests that there could be different responses apparent in the cerebellum and prefrontal cortex in teens with a family history of alcoholism, during risky decision making tasks.
Researchers have discovered a gene variant which is believed to possibly prevent against alcoholism. The gene variant, CYP2E1 appears to make people more sensitive to alcohol and can generate free radicals. Researchers consider a future application for drugs containing CYP2E1 for both making people more sensitive to alcohol prior to drinking, and to assist in the process of sobering up.
New research suggests heavy alcohol use in teens can detrimentally affect neural development. Researchers have concluded that binge drinking can negatively disrupt normal developmental processes, leading to problems with learning and social adjustment in the long term. The study also discovered that increased use of alcohol can result in a decrease in attention and executive function. Additionally, increased marijuana use was discovered to decrease memory performance.