A new study found that nearly half of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are reported to wander or “bolt,” and more than half of these children go missing.
A study released by researchers from the University of Leicester has revealed a previously ‘invisible’ group of adults with autism within the UK. The study found that 60% of men and 43% of women with profound learning difficulties have autism, refuting previous estimates of lower rates of autism within these specific groups. The finding is vital as it can lead to new support services for those adults who have autism and learning difficulties.
Researchers at UCLA have demonstrated how genetic variants rewire the brain in autistic patients. Examining the role of the CNTAP2 gene, which is believed to boost the risk of autism, researchers discovered a difference in connectivity between the left and right sides of the brain, depending on which version of the gene the patients carried. This research could provide a positive outcome in developing treatments for re-balancing the brain circuitry for autistic patients and promote a more normal neurological development.
Researchers have discovered a link between mutations in the PTCHD1 gene on the X-chromosome and an increased risk of developing autism in boys. As males inherit both X and Y chromosomes, the genetic mutation could explain why boys are four times more likely to develop ASD than girls, who carry double X chromosomes.
Carnegie Mellon researchers are teaming up with the NSF to create and develop new tools to assist with diagnosing and treating for Autism.
New research shows that SSRI antidepressants should not be recommended for people with Autistic Spectrum Disorders as there is a lack of evidence as to their effectiveness.