Research published in this months edition of CMAJ suggests the youngest cohorts in a classroom are more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD that their slightly older counterparts. Researchers consider the diagnosis could well be inaccurate for most. The research also considers the significant social and health ramifications of an inappropriate diagnosis of ADHD.
Could non-invasive brain stimulation be used to improve mirror neuron activity in patients with autism spectrum disorders? This question is being raised in light of new findings released by researchers at Monash University and published in the latest edition of Biological Psychology. Using transcranial magnetic stimulation on ASD patients, researchers noted a blunted brain response in the motor cortex when watching transitive hand gestures, compared to participants with no evidence of ASD.
The unfortunate death of Tyler Clementi, helped raise a great deal of awareness of suicide within the gay, lesbian and LGBT community. In the wake of the events, national projects such as the “It Gets Better Project”, which was supported by stars such as Lady Gaga, helped to raise further awareness about the issues. A new report by Northwestern University suggests that the best way to prevent suicide or suicidal tendencies within the young gay community is for the family to be open and show support. Adolescents who feel able to discuss their problems and concerns with family or friends are less likely to engage in self harming behaviors, such as suicide, than those who feel, or have been victimized because of their sexuality.
Research undertaken by scientists at Baylor College of Medicine takes big steps in helping to explain why it is so hard for smokers to quit their addiction. Smoking enhances dopamine release, and when a smoker attempts to quit, dopamine levels lower significantly. The lapse in dopamine levels can prompt a relapse for smokers who are trying to quit. The authors suggest medications which could elevate dopamine levels when a smoker is trying to quit, could be key to a non-smoking life style and help to prevent relapse.
Research released this month in the Journal of Interpersonal Violence reaches the horrific conclusion that parents are more inclined to blame their children for being victims of sexual abuse when the perpetrator is another youth. Unfortunately, this is more commonly true when the victim is an older child, or black. Previous research conducted by the UNH Crimes against Children Research Center discovered that 36% of child sexual violations were committed by other juveniles. It is hoped that this research will force better education for parents and professionals about the rates of sexual abuse perpetrated by youths, and why juveniles might embark on such heinous crimes against their peers.
New research released today in PLoS ONE could help to find new treatment options for people suffering from high anxiety disorders such as PTSD. Using mice, researchers at Rutgers have identified genetic clues which pinpoint why some are more resilient to traumatic experiences, while others are still fearful once removed from potentially dangerous situations.
New research published in the APA’s Current Directions in Psychological Science suggests that how we perceive personal illness might affect our health outcomes. The study, released in February’s edition of the journal, suggests how a person perceives their illness might play a detrimental role in determining the health outcome, more so than the actual severity of their illness.
A new study released from Queen Mary, University of London reflects upon the impact of the effects of emerging torture techniques on the mental health of asylum seekers within the UK. Many of the asylum seekers who participated within the study were victim elaborate psychological torture techniques which included sexual torture and the forced witnessing of acts such as murder.
New research presented in the Journal of Psychological Medicine has suggested that people suffering from mood or anxiety disorders could be more likely to abuse opioids.
A new study released by Florida State University has discovered certain risk factors for the development of chronic PTSD in women. The risk factors include a history of rape or server childhood physical abuse. Additionally, women who reported more ‘rexperiencing’ symptoms, such as nightmares or flash backs to their trauma, were more likely to suffer the persistent effects of PTSD for a longer period of time.