We have heard a lot in recent years about polygamist sects in Texas and British Columbia. For most of us, the prospect of a man being not only able, but encouraged to seek more than one wife is almost beyond comprehension. In the latest issue of the journal Ethics, a new research paper suggests traditional polygamy is inherently unequal and this morally objectionable. Strauss, the author of the report also proposes modifications to traditional polygamy in order to reduce some of the associated inequalities. However, the question remains, Can polygamy ever be considered morally permissible, even with a revolutionized concepts of the roles and reduction of inequalities?