New research published in the Journal of Addiction suggests smokers with a history of anxiety disorders find it more difficult to quit smoking. The research conducted by UW-CTRI discovered smokers who had previously suffered from anxiety disorders such as panic attacks, social anxiety and generalize anxiety disorders were less likely to be able to quit smoking that smokers who had no history of anxiety disorders.
Researchers have discovered a gene variant which is believed to possibly prevent against alcoholism. The gene variant, CYP2E1 appears to make people more sensitive to alcohol and can generate free radicals. Researchers consider a future application for drugs containing CYP2E1 for both making people more sensitive to alcohol prior to drinking, and to assist in the process of sobering up.
Researchers at the University of Liverpool have discovered that high levels of cortisol could increase the risk of relapse for recovering alcoholics. Cortisol, a hormone produced in the adrenal gland as a result of stress, is found in elevated levels both in alcoholics and those in recovery.
The Tufts CTSI has today released a multi-state study on psychotropic medication oversight in foster care. The research notes a majority of states reviewed within the study reported an increase of minors within the foster care system taking psychotropic medications.
New research shows Holocaust survivors are still psychologically affected by their experiences. Many survivors report PTSD symptoms and poor psychological well being.
1 in 10 patients who spend more than 48 hours in intensive care develop post traumatic stress disorder. Researchers in the UK have discovered that providing diaries to patients in intensive care, and providing a debriefing after their stay can help reduce PTSD in patients.
Researchers have discovered a link between mutations in the PTCHD1 gene on the X-chromosome and an increased risk of developing autism in boys. As males inherit both X and Y chromosomes, the genetic mutation could explain why boys are four times more likely to develop ASD than girls, who carry double X chromosomes.
A new study by researchers at the University of Chicago has discovered that reducing a person’s negative perceptions of others is key to reducing loneliness. The study suggests that loneliness is a cognitive issue and can be changed by utilizing cognitive behavioral therapies.