Category: developmental psychology

Cannabis Use During Youth Affects Brain Regions Associated With Schizophrenia

New research from the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI) published in Nature’s Neuropsychopharmacology has shown physical changes to exist in specific brain areas implicated in schizophrenia following the use of cannabis during adolescence. The research has shown how cannabis use during adolescence can interact with a gene, called the COMT gene, to cause physical changes in the brain.

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Schizophrenia Linked To Childhood Trauma

Children who experience sever trauma are three times more likely than the counterparts to develop schizophrenia in adulthood, a new study from the University of Liverpool has discovered. It has long been considered that genetics and environmental factors play a part in the development of psychosis, but this is the first study of its kind to discover a link to early life trauma. Additionally, researchers discovered different types of trauma lead to different expression of symptoms. Those children who were sexually abused where more likely to report hallucinations later in life, while those raised in a children’s home more often exhibited paranoia.

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Vanderbilt Medical Facilities Educate Public On Signs Of Child Abuse

The DHHS reports that almost 80% of child fatalities are caused by abuse or neglect by one or more parent. Over the past five years, staff at Vanderbilt’s medical facilities have reported suspected cases of abuse or neglect to local law enforcement officials and thExit fullscreene Department of Children’s Services. In light of this, Monroe Carell Jr. Children’s Hospital have shared tips to the public on how to spot potential signs of abuse in children. With hope, the public might be able to spot the signs of child abuse and prevent more injuries or fatalities from occurring.

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Fragile X Syndrome Reversed In Adult Mice

New research published this month in Neuron has found a newly developed mGlu5 inhibitor, CTEP, is effect at reversing many symptoms associated with Fragile X syndrome in adult mouse models. While CTEP isn’t currently being developed for humans, the researchers have pointed out that their findings are significant for understanding the condition. FXS, they suggest, is not the result of an irreversible disruption of brain development.

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High School Bullies More Likely To Be Substance Users

A new study released by researchers for Ohio State University points to increased substance use for bullies of middle and high school age. The research demonstrated that bullying was more prevalent within the middle school age group, and an increased substance use was seen in high school aged bullies. Additionally, victims of bullies were more likely to embark in fairly frequent substance use, with alcohol, cigarette and marijuana use being cited as most commonly used.

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Risk Factors For Paternal Depression Identified

New research released in this months Maternal and Child Health Journal helps to identify certain factors associated with paternal depression. Risk factors for depression in fathers include poverty, living with a depressive partner, having special needs children and unemployment. It has previously been identified that children with depressive parents have increased rates of expressing mental illness during their life times. 15% of children with fathers who display depressive symptoms had evidence of behavioral or emotional problems.

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Difference In Brain Responses To Risky Decision Making For Teens With A Family History Of Alcoholism

A new study by researchers at Oregon Health & Science University, which is to be published in April’s issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research, suggests that there could be different responses apparent in the cerebellum and prefrontal cortex in teens with a family history of alcoholism, during risky decision making tasks.

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