New research published this month in Neuron has found a newly developed mGlu5 inhibitor, CTEP, is effect at reversing many symptoms associated with Fragile X syndrome in adult mouse models. While CTEP isn’t currently being developed for humans, the researchers have pointed out that their findings are significant for understanding the condition. FXS, they suggest, is not the result of an irreversible disruption of brain development.
New research released in The New England Journal of Medicine this month suggests there is an increased risk of suicide and cardiovascular death for cancer patients in the period immediately following their diagnosis. While previous studies have shown similar increased risks in patients living long term with the disease, this is the first notable study of its type to correlate suicide and heart related stresses to coincide with the diagnosis of cancer.
Researchers have turned up a new clue to the workings of a possible environmental factor in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs): fathers were four times more likely than mothers to transmit tiny, spontaneous mutations to their children with the disorders. Moreover, the number of such transmitted genetic glitches increased with paternal age. The discovery may help to explain earlier evidence linking autism risk to older fathers.
In light of the new report from the CDC which found that 1 in every 88 American children are now diagnosed with Autism, the world’s leading autism advocacy group, Autism Speaks are calling on elected officials to develop a new national strategy to take on this national public health crisis. Autism Speaks considers the skyrocketing diagnosis of new autism patients to be on par with an epidemic. They are calling for new incentives to be implemented, such as increased funding for genetic research and environmental research which could uncover the causes for autism, and additional funding for the development of potential new medications and treatments to help those living with autism.
New research released in the recent edition of the Journal of Traumatic Stress has uncovered many emergency dispatch operators are at risk of developing PTSD. The report suggests emergency call operators experience a significantly higher level of emotional distress, due to the nature of their jobs. It is clear that there is a need to provide emergency call operators with similar prevention and intervention support programs as as provided to their colleagues who serve on the front lines.
Research published in this months edition of CMAJ suggests the youngest cohorts in a classroom are more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD that their slightly older counterparts. Researchers consider the diagnosis could well be inaccurate for most. The research also considers the significant social and health ramifications of an inappropriate diagnosis of ADHD.
Could non-invasive brain stimulation be used to improve mirror neuron activity in patients with autism spectrum disorders? This question is being raised in light of new findings released by researchers at Monash University and published in the latest edition of Biological Psychology. Using transcranial magnetic stimulation on ASD patients, researchers noted a blunted brain response in the motor cortex when watching transitive hand gestures, compared to participants with no evidence of ASD.
Depression is common enough, afflicting one in ten adults in the United States. It seems the possibility of depression must be “hard-wired” into our brains. This has led biologists to propose several theories to account for how depression, or behaviors linked to it, can somehow offer an evolutionary advantage.
A new study released by researchers at Drexel University suggests a majority of women with bulimia reach their highest ever body weight after developing the disease.
New research released in this months Maternal and Child Health Journal helps to identify certain factors associated with paternal depression. Risk factors for depression in fathers include poverty, living with a depressive partner, having special needs children and unemployment. It has previously been identified that children with depressive parents have increased rates of expressing mental illness during their life times. 15% of children with fathers who display depressive symptoms had evidence of behavioral or emotional problems.